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General English Series - 1

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Sentence and Phrases
When we speak or write, we use words. We make ourselves understood by using words in groups. The study of grammar is basically the study of how words behave in groups.
Study the following groups of words.


  • She is a doctor.
  • My mother is cooking.
  • I have written a letter.
  • in the field.
  • at 5o'clock.
  • to see him.

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The first 3 groups of words each make complete sense and can stand alone. They are sentences. The other 3 make some sense, but not complete sense. They cannot stand on their own. They are phrases. A phrase is used as part of a sentence. We can ass some words to the above phrase so as to form sentences.
  • The cattle are grazing in the field.
  • The meeting is at 5 o'clock.
  • She wanted to see him.
A sentence is a group of words which make complete sense.

A phrase is a group of words which makes some sense and cannot stand alone.
  1. He has opened the door.
  2. Have you opened the door?
  3. Open the door.
  4. How noisily he opens the door!
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Sentence can do four different kinds of work.
Sentence 1 make a statement . 
Such sentence are called Declarative Sentence or Assertive Sentence.


Sentence 2 make a question. 
Such sentence are called Interrogative Sentence.


Sentence 3 make a command . 
Such sentence are called Imperative Sentence.


Sentence 4 make a exclamation. 
Such sentence are called Exclamatory Sentence.

A written sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, a question mark or an exclamation mark according to the kind of work it does.

Questions 
Identify the sentence and phrase from the following.

  1. at the gate.
  2. sit here.
  3. at noon.
  4. This is my dictionary.
  5. He was tired.
  6. My father is a teacher.
  7. to witness the football match.
  8. in front of the house.
  9. For about a month.
  10. This umbrella costs two hundred rupees.
Answers
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  1. Phrase
  2. Sentence
  3. Phrase
  4. Sentence
  5. Sentence
  6. Sentence
  7. Phrase
  8. Phrase
  9. Phrase
  10. Sentence
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