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Friday, 10 October 2014

Nobel Prize 2014 - Peace

Nobel Prize  2014 | Nobel Prize in Medicine 2014 | Nobel Prize in Physics 2014 | Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2014 | Nobel Prize  in Literature 2014 | Nobel Prize in Physiology 2014 | Nobel Prize in Economics 2014 | Nobel Prize in Peace 2014
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India's Kailash Satyarthi and Pakistan's Malala Yousafzay were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for "showing great personal courage" and their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education. 

The committee said Kailash Satyarthi maintained Mahatma Gandhi's tradition and headed various forms of protests and demonstrations, all peaceful, focusing on the grave exploitation of children for financial gain. He has also contributed to the development of important international conventions on children's rights". "Children must go to school and not be financially exploited. In the poor countries of the world, 60% of the present population is under 25 years of age. It is a prerequisite for peaceful global development that the rights of children and young people be respected. In conflict-ridden areas in particular, the violation of children leads to the continuation of violence from generation to generation," the committee said. 

Talking about Malala, it said "Despite her youth, Malala has already fought for several years for the right of girls to education, and has shown by example that children and young people, too, can contribute to improving their own situations. This she has done under the most dangerous circumstances. Through her heroic struggle she has become a leading spokesperson for girls' right to education". The struggle against suppression and for the rights of children and adolescents contributes to the realization of the "fraternity between nations" that Alfred Nobel mentions in his will as one of the criteria for the Nobel Peace Prize. 

The Nobel Institute in Oslo saw a record 278 candidates for the Nobel peace prize for 2014. Around 47 of these were organizations. The committee had said that 278 is the highest number of candidates ever. The previous record was 259 from 2013. The Nobel peace prize has been awarded to 124 laureates — to 100 individuals and 24 organizations till now. 

Since the International Committee of the Red Cross was awarded three times and Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was awarded twice there are 100 individuals and 21 organizations that have been awarded the Nobel peace prize.

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