Competitive Examination Notes - 014

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India Post - 02
World's first adhensive public postage stamp known as Penny Black was introduced in Bratain in 1840. In 1852, East India Company introduced Scinde Dawk/Dak in Sindh region (Presently in Pakisthan). It is the first postage stamp printed or used in India. The first Stamp of Independent India was issued on the 21st November 1947. It depicts the Indian Flag with the patriots slogan, Jai Hindh. It was valued at three and one half anas. In 2006 India introduced its first perfumed stamp.

Besides providing postage communication facilities, the post office network is also providing number of other facilities to its customers.

Business Development and Marketing Directorate
Business Development Directorate (BDD) was set up in 1966 to design, monitor, develop and market value added premium products of the Department. This Directorate was recognized as Business Development and Marketing Directorate in 2001-05. The products of BDD includes Speed Post, Direct Post, Express Parcel Post, Media Post, Logistics Post, Money Order, e-Payment, e-Post, Retail Post and Bill Mail Service.

Financial Services
The Post Office Saving Bank(POSB) is the oldest and largest banking institution in the country. It operates more than 206 millions Savings Accounts. Presently, 8 savings schemes are operated Post Offices across the country.

Project Arrow
Indian postal department introduced Project Arrow in 2008. It aims at the modernization of post offices and postal system including computerization and implementation of modern communication facilities. The project mainly aims the development of rural postal system an it is expected to bring the rural population in direct communication with the outside world and bring benefits of development to their doorsteps.

India Post at A Glance
1. Total Number of Postal Circles :- 22
2. Total Number of Postal Regions :- 37
3. Total Number of Postal Divisions :- 442
4. Total Number of Circle Stamp Depots :- 19
5. Total Number of Postal Store Depots :- 46
6. Total Number of RMS Divisions :- 70
7. Total Number of Postal Training Centers :- 6
8. Total Number of Post Offices in the Country :- 155,035
9. Total Number of Post Offices in Rural Areas :- 139,173
10. Total Number of Post Offices in Urban Areas :- 15,862
11. Number of Head Offices :- 817
12. Number of Sub Post Offices :- 24,721
13. Number of ED Sub Post Offices :- 2,081
14. Number of ED Branch Post Offices :- 127,416
15. Number of Delivery Post Offices :- 146,509
16. Number of Night Post Offices :- 163
17. Total number of Countries covered under International Speed Post (Merchandise and Documents both):- 73
18. Total number of Countries covered under International Speed Post (Documents Only) :- 24
19. Population served by a Post Office :- 7,174
20. Population served by a Post Office in Rural Area :- 5,682
21. Populaton served by a Post Office in Urban Area :- 20,262
22. Area served by a post office in Sq.Km :- 21.20
23.Average distance to be travelled for Postal Facilities :- 2.56 Km
24. Total number of GPO :- 17

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