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Thursday, 10 July 2014

Competitive Examination Notes - 009


Competitive Examination Notes |  Competitive Examination Notes for LDC Competitive Examination Notes for IAS Competitive Examination Notes HSST | Competitive Examination Notes for PSC Exam | Competitive Examination Notes for IPS | Competitive Examination Notes for SSC Exam | Competitive Examination Notes for RRB Exam | Competitive Examination Notes for Download | Competitive Examination Notes Free Download Competitive Examination Notes for U 
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Space Missions to Sun
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1. Mission :- Pioneer 5
Date and Year :- 11 March 1959
Country :- U.S.A
Mission Type :- Solar Orbiter
Status/Achievement :- Confirmed the existence of the interplanetary magnetic field. Now in a solar orbit.
2.Mission :- Pioneer 6
Date and Year :- 16 December 1965
Country :- U.S.A
Mission Type :- Solar Probe
Status/Achievement :- The first data on the Sun's atmosphere and recorded passage of Comet Kojoutek's tail. Still transmitting from solar orbit.
3. Mission :-  Pioneer 7
Date and Year :- 17 August 1966
Country :- U.S.A
Mission Type :- Solar Probe
Status/Achievement :- Recorded Earth's magnetic tail more than 19 million km from the planet, 3 times further than previously recorded.
4. Mission :- Pioneer 8
Date and Year :- 13 December 1968
Country :- U.S.A
Mission Type :- Solar Probe
Status/Achievement :- Studied Earth's magnetic tail in detail. Still trasmitting from solar orbit.
5.Mission :- Pioneer 9
Date and Year :- 8 November 1968

Country :- U.S.A
Mission Type :- Solar Probe
Status/Achievement :- Gathered valuable data on the properties of the solar wind, cosmic rays and interplanetary magnetic fields.
6.Mission :- Skylab
Date and Year :- 26 May 1973
Country :- U.S.A
Mission Type :- Space Station
Status/Achievement :- Abandoned in February 1974 and re-entered the Earth's atmosphere in 1979.
7.Mission :- Explorer 49
Date and Year :- 10 June 1973
Country :- U.S.A
Mission Type :- Solar Probe
Status/Achievement :- Achieved lunar orbit and was used successfully to study low-frequency radio emissions from sources including the Sun, Jupiter, the galaxy and extragalactic sources.
8.Mission :- Helios 1
Date and Year :- 10 December 1974
Country :- U.S.A and Germany
Mission Type :- Solar Probe
Status/Achievement :- Studied the solar wind, magnetic and electric fields, cosmic rays and dust in interplanetary space.
9. Mission :- Solar Maximum Mission
Date and Year :- 14 February 1980
Country :- U.S.A
Mission Type :- Solar Probe
Status/Achievement :- Designed to provide co-ordinated observations of solar activities.
10. Mission :- Yohkoh

Date and Year :- 31 August 1991
Country :- Japan/ U.S.A/ England
Mission Type :- Solar Probe
Status/Achievement :- Studied high-energy radiation from solar flares.
11. Mission :- Helios 2
Date and Year :- 16 January 1976
Country :- U.S.A and West Germany
Mission Type :- Solar Probe
Status/Achievement :- Provided information on solar plasma, the solar wind, cosmic raysand cosmic dust and also performed magnetic-field and electrical-field experiments.
12. Mission :- Ulysses
Date and Year :- 6 October 1990
Country :- U.S.A and Europe
Mission Type :- Solar Flyby
Status/Achievement :- To study the poles of the Sun and interstellar space above and below the poles.
13. Mission :- SOHO
Date and Year :- 12 December 1995
Country :- Europe
Mission Type :- Solar Probe
Status/Achievement :- To study the Sun's internal structure and to look at the physical processes that form and heat the Sun's corona and that give rise to the solar wind.
14. Mission :- Genesis
Date and Year :- 8 August 2001
Country :- U.S.A
Mission Type :- Solar Probe
Status/Achievement :-To collect samples of solar wind particles and return them to Earth for detailed analysis.
Next :- Mercury
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