Wednesday, 6 November 2013

LDC Examination Expected Questions - 82

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COMPUTER QUIZ
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  • The first Internet movie Heart Beat.
  • HDFC, the first Bank to get online Banking facility.
  • Ist IT University of India - J.P. University.

  • HEC-2M was the first computer installed in India in Kolkata in 1955.
  • The first computer graphics used movie -TRON (1982)
  • The first film which uses the morphing -  WILLOW
  • The first computer magazine - ‘Computers and Automation’ first published by Edmund Berkely in 1950.
  • The first real time computer ‘Whirlwind’ built in 1951, it was employed to keep tabs on flying aircraft.
  • The first computer that was employed for performing statistical calculations - Hollerith’s tabulator (It was employed by the U.S. census to conduct its studies regarding the American population)

  • The first computer game - ‘Space War’
  • The first Super Computer installed in India - Cray X-MP - 14 (Made in USA)
  • India’s first private Internet Service Provider (ISP) - Satyam Infoway Ltd.
  • The first computer animated news reader - ANANOVA (Russia)
  • The first all electronic and general purpose electronic digital computer - ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator)
  • The first Personal Computer - The Altair (1975)
  • A Random Access Memory (RAM) chips holds its memory as long as power is on, but the user can change the memory. RAM chips store only the information that is currently needed by the microprocessor.
  • Read Only Memory (ROM) chips holds its memory even when the computer is turned off. User cannot change the memory of ROM. ROM chips are used to hold instructions that a computer runs repeatedly.
  • First generation electronic computers were built with vacuum tubes.
  • The second generation computers were built with semiconductors.

  • The third generation computers used integrated circuits.
  • The fourth generation computer use Very Large Scale Intergration (VLSI) normally called ‘Miracle Chips’.
  • The fifth generation computers (present day) use artificial intelligence.
  • Founders of Yahoo - JerriYang and David Filo
  • Founders of Google -Larrie Page and Sergybin
  •  In 1822 Charles Babbage made the first difference engine and in 1832 the first analytical engine which are the true predecessors of computer.
  • The first electronic computer which could store programs in the memory ‘EDVAC’ (Electronics Discrete Variable Computer) was invented by John Von Neumann in 1945. 
  • In 1945 John W. Mauchly and John Presper Eckert invented the first digital computer ‘ENIAC’ (it could not store programs) 
  • Maruan Edward ‘Ted Hoff, Stanley Mazor and  Federico Faggin designed the first microprocessor.
  • Transistor was invented by John Bardeen, Water Brattain and William Shockley.
  • James T. Russell invented the Compact Disc.

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