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Tuesday, 9 July 2013

Armenia

Geographical Location :- Crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, Bordered with Turkey (West) Georgia (North) Independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan (East) and Iran and Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan (South).
Official Name :- Republic of Armenia(Haikakan Hanra-petoutioun)
Capital :- Yerevan
Currency :- Dram
Independence :- 21st September 1991
Area :- 29,800 sq.km
Population :- 3,268,500
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GDP [Gross Domestic Product]:- $ 10.106 billion
HDI [Human Development Index] :- 87
Literacy:- 99.7%
Life Expectancy:- 72.0
Language :- Armenian
National Anthem :- Mer Hayrenik
Government Type :- Republic
President :- Serzh Sargsyan ##

HISTORY
Despite period of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman Byzantine,Arab,Persian and Ottoman. During World War I in the western portion of Armenia, Ottoman Turkey instituted a policy of forced resettlement coupled with other harsh practices that resulted in an estimated 1 million Armenian deaths. The eastern area of Armenia was ceded by Ottoman to Russia in 1828; this portion declared its independence in 1918, but was conquered by the Soviet Red Army in 1920.Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the long conflict with Muslim Azerbaijan over Nagrono-Karahakh, a primarily Armenian population region, assigned to Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s by Moscow.Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle pendence from the Soviet Union in 1991.




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