Independence :- 9th July 1816
National Anthem :- Himno Nacional Argentino
Government Type :- Republic
President :- Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner ##
In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia,Paraguay and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. Up until about mid 20th Centuary, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent government was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy return in 1983 after a failed bid of seize the Falkland(Malvinas) Islands by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crises in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignation of several presidents.
- 23 Provinces and 1 autonomous city in this country.
- Parana is the longest river in this country.
- Aconcagua is the Highest Mountain in this country.