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Wednesday, 30 January 2013

Father of Nation Part - 1

Signature Of Gandhi 
  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, called Mahatma,is the father of our nation.
  • He was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat as the son of Diwan Karamchand Gandhi and his fourth wife ‘Putilibai’.
  • ഗാന്ധിജിയുടെ ജന്മദിനം രാജ്യന്തര അഹിംസാ ദിനമായി ഐക്യരാഷ്ട്ര സംഘടന ആചരിക്കുന്നു.
  • In 1883, at the age of 14, he married Kasthurba Later he went to England to study law.
  • In 1893 he went to South Africa to practice law.
  • After his studies in England Gandhiji began his practice as a lawyer in Bombay and Rajcot.
  • He was subjected to racial discrimination and organised Natal Indian Congress in 1894. There he started a weekly, Indian opinion 1904.
  • Gandhiji experimented the weapon Satyagraha for the first time in South Africa in September 1906 to protest against the Asiatic Ordinance issued against the Indians in Transval
  • Gandhiji’s first imprisonment was in 1908 at Johannesberg in South Africa.
  • In 1899 during the Boer war Gandhiji organised Indian Ambulance Corps for the British.
  • Gandhiji was humiliated and ousted from Peter Marits Burg Railway Station in South Africa.
  • Gandhiji became a Brahmachari in 1906
  • Gandhiji started Tolstoy Farm South Africa in 1910.
  • Gandhiji started the Foenix Settlement in Durban.
  • Gandhian Era in Indian politics is from 1915 -1948.
  • He returned to India on 9th January 1915, leaving South Africa for ever. January 9 is observed as ‘Pravasi Bharatiya Divas’ to commemorate this.
  • Gandhiji’s first Satyagraha in India was for the right of Indigo workers in Champaran in 1917.
  • Gandhiji’s first fast was in 1918 in connection with the strike of mill workers in Ahmedabad.
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  • He started the Satyagrahasrama on the banks of Sabarmati river in Ahmedabad in 1917.
  • In 1918 he started two weeklies - Young India in English and Navjeevan in Gujarati.
  • Gandhiji abandoned his title Kaiser -i-Hind in protest against Jallianwalabagh Massacre (1919)
  • Gandhijis first National Movement was organised against the Rowlat Act in 1919.
  • Gandhiji launched the Non-Co-operation Movement on August 1, 1920 which caused the violent incident at Chauri Chaura in UP. This incident initiated Gandhiji to suspend the movement in 1922.

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