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Saturday, 26 January 2013

Basic Facts :- India (Part - 1)

Map of India (Image Curtsy : www.mapsofindia.com)
Position as Per Area : 7th Largest Country
Area : 38,87,263 sq.km
Lattitude extension : 8`8' and 37`6' North
Longitude extension : 68`7' and 97`25' East
North-South Distance : 3,124 km
East-West Distance : 2,933 km
Total Cost Line : 7,516.6 km
No of Neighbors : 8 (China, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka)
Longest Land Boundary : Bangladesh
Capital : New Delhi
No of States : 28
Union Territory : 7
Independant Day  : August 15
Repablic Day : January 26
National Anthem : Janagana Mana
National Song : Vande Matharam
National Flower : Lotus
Indian Rupee
National Tree : Banayan Tree (Ficus Bengalensis)
National Fruit : Mango (Mangifera Indica)
National Bird : Peacock (Pavo Cristatus)
National Animal : Tiger (Panthera Tigris)
National Aquatic Animal : Ganaga Dolphin
National River : Ganga
National Game : Field Hockey
National Language : Hindi in Devanagiri Script
National Flag : Tri-colour flag
National Emblem : Lion Capital of Ashoka
National Calender : Shaka Era
National Heritage Animal : Elephant
National Currency Symbol : Indian Rupee

Longest River : Ganaga
Highest Peak : Kanchanjanga

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Most Populated City : Mumbai
Highest Dam : Bhakra Dam on Satlaj River
Longest Dam : Hirakud Dam on Mahanadi River
Largest Delta : Sundarban
Largest Canal : Indira Canal/Rajasthan Canal(959 km)
Longest Glacier  : Siachen Glacier
Largest Lake : Wular Lake
Largest Fresh Water Lake : Kolleru in Andhra Pradesh
Largest Tunnel : Javahar Tunnel, Banihal Pass(Jammu and Kashmir)
Longest National Highway : NH 7(Varanasi to Kanayakumari :- 2369 km)
Longest Road : Grand Trunk Road (Kolkatta to Delhi)
Highest Road : Road at Khardungla in the Leh-Manali sector
Longest running Train : Vivek Express (Dibrugarh Town - Kanayakumari)
Fastest Train : Shatabdi Express (Delhi -Bhopal 140km/hr)

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